JSNA Navigator : Domain two - Social wellbeing
The data and indicators on this page are no longer being updated. More recent data is available in the child and maternal health section on PHE’s Fingertips tool.
Deprivation and poverty
- The Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) measure relative levels of deprivation in areas in England. Information on deprivation in your local area can be found in Data Atlas. You can choose to view the information as a map to easily compare your area to the surrounding areas and all other areas in the country. Please note that the numbers represent the average deprivation score, and higher scores denote higher levels of deprivation.
- The Child Wellbeing Index contains variables that are not strictly related to deprivation, and is generally represented by how children are doing in a number of different domains of their life. Information on child wellbeing as represented by this index can be found in Data Atlas. You can choose to view the information as a map to easily compare your area to the surrounding areas and all other areas in the country. Please note that higher numbers denote higher levels of child wellbeing.
- Data Atlas contains information about households considered homeless which contain one or more children or pregnant women. You can choose to view the information as a map to easily compare your area to the surrounding areas and all other areas in the country.
- Statistics on children living in poverty are available through Data Atlas. You can choose to view the information as a map to easily compare your area to the surrounding areas and all other areas in the country.
- Statistics on children who are eligible for and who receive free school meals are also available through the Data Atlas. You can choose to view the information as a map to easily compare your area to the surrounding areas and all other areas in the country. Click on the 'Data' button to see the full list of available indicators.
- Parental worklessness has been identified as a risk factor leading to poor outcomes for children. Information on children who live in a household where no adult household member works
Education and employment
Education is linked to quality of life and long-term health. Home life and environmental factors have an impact on educational attainment. Inequalities exist in educational attainment between children who are looked after, children who have special educational needs and children who are eligible for free school meals and their peers. Evidence has shown that children who fall behind early on fail to catch up, and in fact the gap widens as they progress through school. Intervening early is essential to improve outcomes for these children.
Absence for any reason can have a negative impact on a child’s performance and attainment at school. Temporary or permanent exclusion causes disruption to the child’s education. High levels of absence or exclusions indicate underlying problems which need to be identified and addressed.
Exercise and recreation
Regular exercise and physical activity is essential for children to maintain a healthy weight and level of fitness. Weight problems in childhood are associated with obesity and its related health problems as an adult.
- Statistics from the PE and Sport Survey 2009/10, carried out on behalf of the Department for Education, are available in Data Atlas. The surveys aimed to collect information about participation in PE and out-of-hours school sport, and took place between 2003/04 and 2009/10. The most recent survey comprised a census of all schools in England. It achieved a response rate of 99.8%.
Crime and disorder
- The youth justice needs assessment provides information on young people who are committing crimes in your area and looks at the prevalence of specific health and social needs in the general population, which are known to be particularly severe in children and young people in or close to the youth justice system. You will need to select your area using the drop-down box at the top of the page.
- Data on young people receiving their first reprimand, warning or conviction are available through Data Atlas, as well as data on reoffenders.
- Over 200,000 children in England live in households where there is a known risk of domestic violence or violence. In addition to the obvious increased risk of injury from any physical attack, the child is potentially at further risk because of the effect that domestic violence has on parenting. Statistics about domestic violence (from all households whether or not they include children).