If you are viewing this website through The National Archives it may be necessary to copy and paste external links directly into your browser.

Glossary

This glossary shows key terms relating to child and maternal health used by ChiMat. For more specific terms please consult the metadata documents associated with our tools.

If you have any suggestions or comments, please contact us.

 

A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z

A

Antenatal
Definition: Before birth
Source: RCOG

B

C

CAMHS
Definition: Child and adolescent mental health services

Child bearing age
Definition: 15 – 44 years
Source: ONS

Confidence interval
Definition: A confidence interval indicates how precise a value is likely to be; the shorter the confidence interval, the more precise the value is likely to be. The confidence intervals are calculated by taking into consideration the sample size; the variability of the phenomenon being measured; and the required level of confidence that the interval includes the true value (this is set at 95%).
Source: ChiMat

Congenital
Definition: Condition present at birth.

D

E

Early neonatal death
Definition: Deaths at ages up to six completed days of life.
Source: ONS (select 'Glossary' tab)

Early years
Definition: Birth to five years
Source: Department for Education

External cephalic version
Definition: When the obstetrician or midwife applies gentle pressure to the abdomen during pregnancy to help the baby turn a somersault in the uterus to lie head first.
Source: RCOG

top

F

First trimester
Definition: 1 - 13 weeks of pregnancy
Source: RCOG

G

H

Hospital Episode Statistics
Definition: Data warehouse containing details of activity in NHS hospitals in England.
Source: Adapted from HES online

I

J

top

K

L

Life expectancy
Definition: The average amount of time people can be expected to live. This can be time from birth, or remaining time from any age.
Source: ONS (select 'Glossary' tab)

Live birth
Definition: A baby showing signs of life at birth.
Source: ONS (select 'Glossary' tab)

Long term condition
Definition: A condition that cannot be cured but can be managed through medication and/or therapy. There is no definitive list of long term conditions – diabetes, asthma and coronary heart disease can all be included.
Source: Department of Health

M

Maternity
Definition: A pregnancy resulting in the birth of one or more live-born or stillborn children.
Source: Adapted from ONS (select 'Glossary' tab)

Midwife-led unit
Definition: Midwifery units or birth centres are run by midwives without the medical facilities of a hospital.
Source: National Childbirth Trust

Miscarriage
Definition: Loss of a pregnancy before 23 completed weeks.
Source: RCOG

Mortality
Definition: Death

Multiple birth
Definition: A single pregnancy resulting in two or more births.
Source: Adapted from ONS (select 'Glossary' tab

N

Neonatal
Definition: Relating to infants aged under 28 days.
Source: ONS (select 'Glossary' tab)

Net migration
Definition: The numerical difference between the number of people entering and leaving an area.
Source: Adapted from ONS (select 'Glossary' tab)

top

O

 

top

P

Parity
Definition: The number of live births a woman has had. A woman who has one child has a parity of one.
Source: ONS (select 'Glossary' tab)

Postnatal
Definition: After birth
Source: RCOG

Postpartum
Definition: Postpartum generally refers to the first 6 weeks after the birth of a baby.
Source: NICE glossary

Postpartum haemorrhage
Definition: Heavy blood loss after the delivery of the baby.
Source: RCOG

Q

R

Rate
Definition: The number of people or events in a specific population (numerator) divided by the number of people at risk in the population (denominator) in a given time period. It is often given in a standard format with a time period attached, eg deaths per 100,000 per year.
Source: Hill, A., Griffiths, S. and Gillam, S. (2007) Public Health and primary care: partners in population health. Oxford University Press.

S

Safeguarding
Definition: Safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children is defined as:

  • protecting children from maltreatment
  • preventing impairment of children’s health or development
  • ensuring children are growing up in circumstances consistent with the provision of safe and effective care.
Source: Department for Education

School-age children
Definition: Five years to sixteen years
Source: Department for Education

Second trimester
Definition: 13 – 26 weeks of pregnancy
Source: RCOG

Stillbirth
Definition: When a baby is born dead after the 24th completed week of pregnancy.
Source: NHS Choices

T

Termination
Definition: A way of ending a pregnancy using either medicines (medical abortion) or a surgical operation (surgical abortion).
Source: RCOG

Third trimester
Definition: 27 – 40 weeks of pregnancy
Source: RCOG

U

top

V

W

X

Y

Young people
Definition: Usually over sixteen and under twenty five.
Source: ONS (select 'Glossary' tab)

Z

 

top


Validates against XHTML 1.0  Cascading Style Sheet compliance  Single A Accessibility compliance